miércoles, 17 de marzo de 2010

How much / how many/ Some/any/ lot of

GRAMATICA

MUCH MUCHO
MANY MUCHOS
A LOT OF MUCHO / MUCHOS
A LITTLE POCO
A FEW POCOS

Use HOW MUCH and HOW MANY to ask about amounts. Use much for non count and many for count nouns.
How much coffee do we have?
How many cookies do we have?

SOME/ANY

COUNT (PLURAL)
AFFIRMATIVE
I eat some vegetables everyday.
NEGATIVE
I don´t eat any cookies
QUESTION
Do you have any cookies?
Do you want some cookies?

NON-COUNT
I often eat some rice for dinner.
I don´t eat any rice
Do you have any rice?
Do you want some rice

1. Completa con la forma correcta:
EJEMPLO: How many cups of coffee do you drink?

1.______________fruit does she want?
2.______________milk does your daughter drink?
3. ______________money do you spend on food?
4.______________vending machines are there?
5. _______________time do we have to eat?
6._______________bottles of water does she need?
7._______________sandwiches do you make?
8._______________soup does she want?

1.- Realiza el siguiente ejercicio compara las siguientes listas de compras de Vladimir y la de Elsa.

Vladimir’s Shopping List

1 bag of cookies
1 carton of ice cream
1 bottle of chocolate syrup
1 loaf of bread
1 bottle of ketchup
3 pounds of tomatoes

Elsa’s Shopping List

1 jar of mayonnaise
10 pounds of potatoes
2 boxes of cereal
1 bag of potato chips
2 packages of cheese
2 gallons of milk

2.- Escribe los sustantivos que encuentres de acuerdo a si es CONTABLE y NO CONTABLE.
Count (How many . . .)
bag
cookies
carton






Non-count (How much . . .)
ice cream




1. Escucha y práctica este dialogo en parejas:

A: What do we need at the store?
B: We need two gallons of milk.
A: What else do we need?


The quantifiers

LOTS OF / A LOT OF, much /many, few y little

Utilizamos los cuantificadores para expresar la idea de cantidad o número. En el siguiente resumen podrás estudiar cómo y cuándo usar estos cuantificadores.
1. "Much" / "many" / "a lot of" se traducen por "mucho".

Las reglas que se aplican son las siguientes, si bien cabe cierta flexibilidad:
a) En oraciones afirmativas: "a lot of"
b) En oraciones negativas e interrogativas:
b.1) Con sustantivos contables: "many"
Many books, many coins, many girls...

b.2) Con sustantivos incontables: "much"
Much time, much effort, much energy
2. "little" / "few" se traducen por "poco".
a) Con sustantivos contables: "few"
Few books, few pencils, few tickets...

b) Con sustantivos "incontables": "little"
Little sugar, little rain, little water...
Ejemplos:
She is very friendly and has a lot of friends
I don't have many paintings in my flat
When you were unemployed, did you receive much help from your family?
This bookshop has few books about Spanish history
There is little hope that the hostage will be released
Lots of / A lot of (expresan idea de gran cantidad)
Lots of + nombre singular o plural
Ejemplo: He's got lots of books (Tiene muchos libros)
A lot of + nombre singular o plural
Ejemplo: I've got a lot of experience (Tengo mucha experiencia)

Construye 3 oraciones en donde utilices a lot of, many or much.
1. _______________________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________________
3. _______________________________________________________________

Construye 3 oraciones en donde utilices some or any.
1. _______________________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________________
3. _______________________________________________________________


ESCUCHA, LEE Y TRADUCE AL ESPAÑOL EL SIGUIENTE TEXTO.

TRAFFIC PROBLEMS IN FLORIDA

All states in the U.S. are divided into counties. There are 67 counties in Florida. Since it is the fastest-growing state, there have been many changes in the highway system. One example of these changes is Escambia County in northwest Florida.

In Escambia there were 11 surveys in the year 2000 to determine the traffic on secondary roads. The Florida Department of Transportation conducted the survey. Residents were asked the following questions:

1. Is there a lot of traffic in front of your house?
2. Are there a lot of cars during the rush hours?
3. Will there be a lot of traffic during this weekend?
4. Was there a lot of traffic in front of your house yesterday?
5. Has there been more traffic in front of your house this year than last year?
6. Would there be a lot of traffic in front of your house if you lived in the Molino area (rural)?

There will be 6 new secondary highways in Escambia in the year 2001, but not because of the survey. The results were lost in the computer system. So why was the mix-up in the presidential elections a big surprise?

VOCABULARY (vocabulario)
country condado
survey encuenta
fastest el más rápido
to grow crecer
to conduct a survey hacer una encuesta
rush hours horas punta
mix-up lío, confusión

2. Complete las oraciones with A LOT OF, MANY or MUCH.
En ocasiones más de uno puede ser posible.
EJEMPLO: I don’t eat much a lot of sugar.

a) Sam eats_______________ sugar.
b) Do you eat______________potato chips?
c) How__________ eggs do you eat a week?
d) How_____________milk do you drink?
e) We don’t buy___________cakes.
f) Do they drink __________water?
g) The dogs eats___________ground beef?
h) Does Lien eat__________apples?
i) I eat ______________pancakes.
j) We don’t need________________food.

HOW MUCH/HOW MANY/ A LOT OF

1. Contesta el siguiente ejercicio y pronuncia cada oración.
Indica la letra del más apropiado CONTAINER, MEASUREMENT o UNIT.

1.- I need two_____of bread
2.- They have many______of cereal in this aisle.
3.- She’s buying four ______of soup.
4.- Tan needs a______of ground beef.
5.- Mario is buying a_____vainilla ice cream.
6.- Do you want a______ of cheesecake?
7.- The dogs eats two _____of meat a week.
8.- We are buying one______of flour.
9.- The restaurant needs five______ of oil.
10.- They are buying two ______of pickles.

Encierra en un círculo la oración correcta.

EXAMPLE: Silvia needs any bread from the supermaket. / Silvia needs some bread from the supermaket.

1) She needs some green beans, too./ She needs any green beans, too.
2) She doesn´t need some carrots./ She doesn´t need any carrots.
3) Augustin wants any rice./ Augustin wants some rice.
4) He doesn´t buy any onions./ He doesn´t buy some onions.
5) They need some fish for the restaurant./ They need any fish for the restaurant
6) Augustin buys any beverages every week./ Augustin buys some beverages every week.
7) We don´t usually buy any ice cream./ We don´t usually buy some ice cream.
8) I don´t want some ice cream./ I don´t want some ice cream.
9) Do you want some ice cream now?/ Do you want any ice cream now?
10) We are buying some cans of soup./ We are buying any cans of soup.

EN EQUIPOS DE 5 PERSONAS, TRADUCE LAS SIGUIENTES ORACIONES:

1. He has just been here for only two weeks, but he has already made a few friends.
2. I'm sorry for her, she has got few friends.
3. I'm very happy; I have been able to save a little money.
4. Do you know many people? No, I don't. I only know a few people.
5. We must hurry up, we have little time.
6. He is lucky, he has few problems and he has few children
7. Did you take many photos when you went abroad?
8. You shouldn't smoke so much.
9. I have a lot of money but little time to spend it.
10. Jack doesn't have much homework. He has to do few exercises


Expresar cantidades con many, much, little, few

EN EQUIPOS DE 5 PERSONAS CADA UNO, TRADUCE AL ESPAÑOL LAS SIGUIENTES ORACIONES.

1. Hace solo dos semanas que está aquí, pero ya ha hecho unos cuantos amigos.


2. Lo siento por ella, tiene pocos amigos.


3. Estoy muy contenta, he podido ahorrar algo de dinero.

4. ¿Conoces a mucha gente? No, solo a unas cuantas personas.


5. Nos hemos de dar prisa, tenemos poco tiempo.


6. Tiene suerte, tiene pocos problemas y no tiene muchos hijos.


7. ¿Hiciste muchas fotos cuando fuiste al extranjero?


8. No deberías fumar tanto.


9. Tengo un montón de dinero pero poco tiempo para gastarlo.


10. Jack no tiene muchos deberes. El tiene que hacer pocos ejercicios.

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