miércoles, 17 de marzo de 2010

Presente perfecto

FORMA AFIRMATIVA

SUBJECT HAVE VERB
(PAST PARTICIPLE) COMPLEMENT
I have finished My homework
Darla has visited Maria

FORMA INTERROGATIVA

HAVE SUBJECT VERB
(PAST PARTICIPLE) COMPLEMENT
Has she had A cold?
Have they visited Maria?

FORMA NEGATIVA

SUBJECT HAVE + NOT VERB(PAST PARTICIPLE) COMPLEMENT
I have NOT (haven’t) walked home
She has NOT (hasn’t) talked with you
The present perfect describes situations that started in the past and continue into the present.
The present perfect uses form of the verb have + a past participle.
Some verbs have the same past tense form and past participle form.


Usos del presente perfecto.

Una acción que continúa del pasado al presente.
Una repetida acción del pasado que es completada en el presente
Una acción del pasado que no menciona un momento especifico.


El presente perfecto tiene tres significados.
Las contracciones ´s y ´ve pueden ser usadas en oraciones afirmativas.
He’s worked here for ten years. They’ve lived in France.

Las contracciones hasn´t and haven´t pueden ser usadas en oraciones negativas.
I haven’t talked with Dr. Pelkins. He hasn’t examined me.

Presente Perfecto afirmativo
Español Inglés
He comido I have eaten
Has comido you have eaten
Ha comido(él) He has eaten
Ha comido(ella) She has eaten
Ha comido(ello) It has eaten
Hemos comido We have eaten
Habéis comido You have eaten
Han comido They have eaten

Presente perfecto interrogativo
Español Inglés
¿He comido? Have I eaten?
¿Has comido? Have you eaten?
¿Ha comido?(él) Has he eaten?
¿Ha comido?(ella) Has she eaten?
¿Ha comido?(ello) Has it eaten?
¿Hemos comido? Have we eaten?
¿Habéis comido? Have you eaten?
¿Han comido? Have they eaten?

Presente perfecto negativo
Español Inglés contraido
No he comido I haven't eaten
No has comido you haven't eaten
No ha comido(él) He hasn't eaten
No ha comido(ella) She hasn't eaten
No ha comido(ello) It hasn't eaten
No hemos comido we haven't eaten
No habéis comido you haven't eaten
No han comido They haven't eaten

1. Completa cada oración con la forma correcta del PASADO PARTICIPIO del ejercicio.

EJEMPLO: How many pills have you TAKEN?

1. Has Ali__________________________the doctor yet?
2. Dr. Smith has_________________at this hospital for ten years.
3. She’s an old friend. I have___________her for fifteen years.
4. We have__________________sick all week.
5. Has Gloria________________long for the doctor to arrive?
6. Peter has_________________a cold since December.
7. Have you___________________your sister in the hospital?
8. Has she____________________any food today?
9. I’m sorry, but the doctor has___________________the hospital.
10. You have ______________________three inches this year.

ELABORA 3 ORACIONES AFIRMATIVAS UTILIZANDO AUXILIAR COULD Y CÁMBIALAS A LAS FORMAS NEGATIVA E INTERROGATIVA.
A=______________________________________________________
N=______________________________________________________
I=______________________________________________________

A=______________________________________________________
N=______________________________________________________
I=______________________________________________________

A=______________________________________________________
N=______________________________________________________
I=______________________________________________________

ELABORA 3 ORACIONES AFIRMATIVAS UTILIZANDO EL PRESENTE PERFECTO Y CÁMBIALAS A LAS FORMAS NEGATIVA E INTERROGATIVA.

A=_______________________________________________________
N=_______________________________________________________
I=_______________________________________________________

A=_______________________________________________________
N=_______________________________________________________
I=_______________________________________________________

A=_______________________________________________________
N=_______________________________________________________
I=_______________________________________________________

Completa la lista con el PASADO PARTICIPIO. Coloca una S (same) a los verbos con las conjugaciones verbales igual en todos los tiempos, y una D (different) para los verbos con diferente forma:

S/D BASE FORM PAST TENSE PAST PARTICIPLE
1 work Worked
2 See Saw
3 Have Had
4 Visit Visited
5 Be Was/were
6 Wait Waited
7 Leave Left
8 Take Took
9 Know Knew
10 eat ate

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